Archive for the ‘Clean/Green Tech’ Category

Utopian Refugia: Self-Sufficiency and the Noachic Charter City
July 3, 2011

from the Zoroastrian Vendidad 2: Yima and the Flood

Overpopulation and expansion of the earth:

V.2.8 When Yima had ruled for three hundred winters, then this earth became full of animals, small and large, and men, of dogs, birds, and red and blazing fires. They found no place to be(?), animals, small and large, and men.
V.2.9 Then I informed Yima: O beautiful Yima son of Vîwanghwan, This earth is full because of the gathering of animals, small and large, and men, of dogs, birds, and red and blazing fires. They found no place to be(?), animals, small and large, and men.
V.2.10 Then Yima went forth toward the lights, at noon, on the path of the sun. He pushed this earth with the golden pick. He goaded it with the goad, saying: O lovable Life-giving Humility, go forth and bow far and wide, O carrier/womb of animals, small and large, and men.
V.2.11 Thus Yima made this earth expand by one-third in size from what it had been before. Here went forth animals, small and large, and men, each according to his own wish, howsoever his pleasure.
V.2.12 When Yima had ruled for six hundred winters, then this earth became full of animals, small and large, and men, of dogs, birds, and red and blazing fires. They found no place to be(?), animals, small and large, and men.
V.2.13 Then I informed Yima: O beautiful Yima son of Vîwanghwan, This earth is full because of the gathering of animals, small and large, and men, of dogs, birds, and red and blazing fires. They found no place to be(?), animals, small and large, and men.
V.2.14 Then Yima went forth toward the southern lights, on the path of the sun. He pushed this earth with the golden pick. He goaded it with the goad, saying: O lovable Life-giving Humility, go forth and spread wide, O carrier of animals, small and large, and men.
V.2.15 Thus Yima made this earth expand by two-thirds in size from what it had been before. Here went forth animals, small and large, and men, each according to his own wish, howsoever his pleasure.
V.2.16 When Yima had ruled for nine hundred winters, then this earth became full of animals, small and large, and men, of dogs, birds, and red and blazing fires. They found no place to be(?), animals, small and large, and men.
V.2.17 Then I informed Yima: O beautiful Yima son of Vîwanghwan, This earth is full because of the gathering of animals, small and large, and men, of dogs, birds, and red and blazing fires. They found no place to be(?), animals, small and large, and men.
V.2.18 Then Yima went forth toward the southern lights, on the path of the sun. He pushed this earth with the golden pick. He goaded it with the goad, saying: O lovable Life-giving Humility, go forth and spread wide, O carrier of animals, small and large, and men.
V.2.19 Thus Yima made this earth expand by three-thirds in size from what it had been before. Here went forth animals, small and large, and men, each according to his own wish, howsoever his pleasure.

Gods and men take counsel:

V.2.20 Ahura Mazdâ, who has set everything in place, convoked a gathering together with those worthy of sacrifice in the world of thought, famed in the Aryan Expanse of the Good Lawful (river). Radiant Yima with good herds convoked a gathering together with the best humans, famed in the Aryan Expanse of the Good Lawful (river).
V.2.21 To that gathering Ahura Mazdâ came. he who has set everything in place, together with those worthy of sacrifice in the world of thought, famed in the Aryan Expanse of the Good Lawful (river). To that gathering radiant Yima with good herds came together with the best humans, famed in the Aryan Expanse of the Good Lawful (river).
V.2.22 Thus Ahura Mazdâ said to Yima: O beautiful Yima son of Vîwanghwan, Bad winters will come over the bony world of the living, together with which (one) harsh, horrible winter. Bad winters will come over the bony world of the living, together with which snow will accumulate on the tallest mountains, in the deepest of the *valley.
V.2.23 And threefold cattle will perish here, O Yima: that which is in the most *fearful places, that which is on the heights of the mountains, and that which is in the depths of the rivers (and) in the most solid homes.
V.2.24 Before this winter the land will have rich pasture (and) plenty water to flow (over) it after the snow melt, and wondrous it will seem here to the bony existence, O Yima, that the trace of a sheep should be seen here.

Yima makes the bunker:

V.2.25 So make that enclosure: the length of a race course on each of its four sides. Bring together there the seeds of animals, small and large, and men, of dogs, birds, and red and blazing fires. Then make that enclosure: the length of a race course on each of its four sides as a dwelling for men, the length of a race course on each of its four sides as a keep for cattle.
V.2.26 Make water flow forth there the length of a league. Place meadows there, with green … (?), with inexhaustible savory foods. Place homes there, with roof and *awning, *porch and *fence.
V.2.27 Bring together there in the same place the seeds of all the men and women who are the greatest, and best, and most beautiful on this earth. Bring together there in the same place the seeds of all the cattle species that are the greatest, and best, and most beautiful on this earth.
V.2.28 Bring together there the seeds of all the plants that are the tallest and most sweet-smelling on this earth. Bring together there the seeds of all foods that are the most tasty and most sweet-smelling on this earth. Make those into pairs—imperishable as long as these men are in the *enclosures.
V.2.29 May no one with humps, in front or in the back, nor an impotent or a …, nor a driveling one, deceitful one, one with pustules, or a crooked one, nor one with irregular teeth, or one with blotches whose body has been excluded, nor any of the other marks that are the mark of the Evil Spirit put on man.
V.2.30 In the first section of the land make nine passages, in the middle six, and in the last three. In the first passage bring a thousand seeds of men and women,mthe middle six hundred, the last four hundred. And goad them with the golden pick and stroke the enclosure from behind (to make) a door admitting light, self-shining from within.
V.2.31 Then Yima reflected: How I shall make those into an enclosure, the way Ahura Mazdâ told me? Thus said Ahura Mazdâ to Yima: O beautiful Yima son of Vîwanghwan, tread apart this earth with (your) heels, kneed it apart with (your) hands, just like also now people *step about in wet earth.
V.2.32 Then Yima did exactly the way Ahura Mazdâ wished him to. He trod apart this earth with (his) heels, he kneeded it apart with (his) hands, just like also now people *step about in wet earth.
V.2.33 So Yima made that enclosure: the length of a race course on each of its four sides. He brought together there the seeds of animals, small and large, and men, of dogs, birds, and red and blazing fires. So Yima made that enclosure: the length of a race course on each of its four sides as a dwelling for men, the length of a race course on each of its four sides as a keep for cattle.
V.2.34 He made water flow forth there the length of a league. He placed meadows there, with green … (?), with inexhaustible savory foods. He placed homes there, with roof and *awning, *porch and *fence.
V.2.35 He brought together there the seeds of all the men and women who are the greatest, and best, and most beautiful on this earth. He brought together there the seeds of all the cattle species that are the greatest, and best, and most beautiful on this earth.
V.2.36 He brought together there the seeds of all the plants that are the tallest and most sweet-smelling on this earth. He brought together there the seeds of all foods that are the most tasty and most sweet-smelling on this earth. He made those into pairs—imperishable as long as these men are in the *enclosures.
V.2.37 No one with humps, in front or in the back, nor a castrated one or a …, nor a driveling one, deceitful one, one with pustules, or a crooked one, nor one with irregular teeth, or one with blotches whose body has been excluded, nor any of the other marks that are the mark of the Evil Spirit put on man.
V.2.38 In the first section of the land he made nine passages, in the middle six, and in the last four. In the first passage he brought a thousand seeds of men and women, the middle six hundred, the last four hundred. And he goaded them with the golden pick and stroked the enclosure from behind (to make) a door admitting light, self-shining from within.
V.2.39 O Orderly creator of all things in the bony world of the living! But which *were these lights, O Orderly Ahura Mazdâ, which shine hither in that way in these *enclosures that Yima made?
V.2.40 Then Ahura Mazdâ said: there are lights established by themselves and those made in time. For once it (?) has gone down, the stars, the moon, and the sun seem to come up(?).
V.2.41 And they think it is a day what is a season. In forty years from two humans two humans are born, pairs: a man and a woman. And the same holds for these cattle species. And those humans live the most beautiful life in these *enclosures that Yima made.
V.2.42 Orderly creator of all things in the bony world of the living! Who thus brought the daênâ of those who sacrifice to Ahura Mazdâ wide and far in these *enclosures that Yima made. Then Ahura Mazdâ said: The Karshipta bird, O Orderly Zarathustra.
V.2.43 Orderly creator of all things in the bony world of the living! Who is their first life and model? Then Ahura Mazdâ said: Urwatat.nara, O Zarathustra, and you, Zarathustra.

Jane Poynter tells her story of living two years and 20 minutes in Biosphere 2 — an experience that provoked her to explore how we might sustain life in the harshest of environments.

“There‘s no impediment, other than a failure of imagination, that will keep us from delivering on a truly global win-win solution.”

 —Paul Romer, http://chartercities.org/

Jaque Fresco: Designing the Cities of the Future with the Venus Project

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Earth Day, 2011: Aquaponics
April 22, 2011

Charlie Price: Aquaponics – Getting More Out of Less

“Charlie Price from the social enterprise Aquaponics UK, explores the role aquaponics can play in the future of our collective food supply. He provides an insight into both the applications for aquaponics but more specifically a new approach to urban agriculture, turning wastes into resources and transforming disused urban spaces to provide not only food, but resilient communities.”

ATTRA: Aquaponics—Integration of Hydroponics with Aquaculture 

Integrating Aquaponics With Deeply Sustainable Systems Feat. Don McCormick:

http://gradschool.marlboro.edu – “Don McCormick was the MBA in Managing for Sustainability Featured Speaker for December 3, 2010. McCormick is the president of Carbon Harvest Energy, and his presentation addressed his company’s landfill gas-to-energy project in Brattleboro as a practical model of sustainable and responsible resource use. The central principle of this project is to replace a linear model of resource extraction-to-consumption-to-waste with a circular model based on nature, where waste/outputs are recovered to become new inputs for further processes–until no waste remains. McCormick has over 20 years of entrepreneurship, management and engineering expertise. Prior to founding Carbon Harvest Energy, he designed Laughing Duck Farm, a sustainable aquaponics business that produces year-round food (microgreens and Tilapia) in a cold climate, as well as a greenhouse that uses all renewable energy inputs and eliminates waste through a closed-loop water system.”

“The Force That Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower…”
April 20, 2011

 MIT Chemist Daniel Nocera Harnesses Photosynthesis to Store Solar Power:

Sun Catalytix Company Website (has not gone public yet!!)

Dr. Daniel G. Nocera @ MIT

[PAPER] Powering the Planet: Chemical Challenges in Solar Energy Utilization

ABSTRACT: Global energy consumption is projected to increase, even in the face of substantial declines in energy intensity, at least 2-fold by midcentury relative to the present because of population and economic growth. This demand could be met, in principle, from fossil energy resources, particularly coal. However, the cumulative nature of CO2 emissions in the atmosphere demands that holding atmospheric CO2 levels to even twice their preanthropogenic values by midcentury will require invention, development, and deployment of schemes for carbon-neutral energy production on a scale commensurate with, or larger than, the entire present-day energy supply from all sources combined. Among renewable energy resources, solar energy is by far the largest exploitable resource, providing more energy in 1 hour to the earth than all of the energy consumed by humans in an entire year. In view of the intermittency of insolation, if solar energy is to be a major primary energy source, it must be stored and dispatched on demand to the end user. An especially attractive approach is to store solar-converted energy in the form of chemical bonds, i.e., in a photosynthetic process at a year-round average efficiency significantly higher than current plants or algae, to reduce land-area requirements. Scientific challenges involved with this process include schemes to capture and convert solar energy and then store the energy in the form of chemical bonds, producing oxygen from water and a reduced fuel such as hydrogen, methane, methanol, or other hydrocarbon species.

The supply of secure, clean, sustainable energy is arguably the most important scientific and technical challenge facing humanity in the 21st century. Energy security, national security, environmental security, and economic security can likely be met only through addressing the energy problem within the next 10–20 yr. Meeting global energy demand in a sustainable fashion will require not only increased energy efficiency and new methods of using existing carbon-based fuels but also a daunting amount of new carbon-neutral energy. The various factors that conspire to support the above far-reaching conclusions and the basic science needed for the development of a large-scale cost-effective carbon-neutral energy system are the focus of this paper.

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